Casino Duty Agreement South Australia

Deed of Amendment and Restatement (Casino Duty and Responsible Gambling Levy Agreement) The Honourable Michael CostaMLC The Treasurer of the State of New South Wales on behalf of the State of New South Wales Treasurer Star City Pty Limited ACN 060 510 410 Licensee The Clayton Utz contact for this document is on +61 2 9353 4000 Clayton Utz. South Australia CASINO ACT 1997 An Act to regulate the licensing and control of the casino at Adelaide; to repeal the Casino Act 1983; and for other purposes. This Act is reprinted pursuant to the Acts Republication Act 1967 and incorporates all amendments in force as at 1 June 2002.

Firelake casino slot games. It's also apparent that administration is corrupt along with the entirety of CPN. I was excited when I first started working for the CPN at The Grand but it becomes painfully obvious almost immediately that almost every department is ran terribly and the turnover rate is extremely high.

Gambling is an activity undertaken by many Australians. Over 80% of Australian adults engage in gambling of some kind, which is the highest rate of gambling in the world.[1] This number includes some 4% of the adult population who play the pokies once a week, accounting for some 62% of locals’ annual gambling spend.[2]

Total employment in the gambling industry in Australia (thousands of people) since 1984
Casino

Gambling is a significant public health issue, with around 80,000 to 160,000 (or 0.5 - 1.0%) of Australian adults experiencing significant problems from gambling and a further 250,000 to 350,000 (or 1.4 - 2.1% of adults) experiencing moderate risks that may make them vulnerable to problem gambling.[3]

  • 2New South Wales
  • All Residential Tenancies Tribunal forms and information are now provided by the South Australian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (SACAT). Starting a tenancy. Notice of short fixed term lease (Form 1) - To be completed, along with a fixed term lease agreement, if the lease is for 90 days or less.
  • Signature of the Korea-Australia Free Trade Agreement; KAFTA continues to deliver at the two year mark; Guide to using KAFTA to export and import goods; KAFTA enters into force; Key outcomes of KAFTA; Korea-Australia Free Trade Agreement – a snapshot; KAFTA fact sheets. KAFTA outcomes at a glance; KAFTA and trade in goods; KAFTA and trade in services.
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Revenue[edit]

In 2015-16, gambling revenue made up 7.7% of state and territory taxation revenue. The rate was lowest in Western Australia (2.5%) and highest in the Northern Territory (12.0%). Gambling revenue made up 2.5% of total state revenue when other revenue sources were taken into account. The rate was lowest in WA (0.9%) and highest in Victoria (3.2%). Gambling revenue as a portion of state taxation revenue has fallen for all states and territories between 2006–07 and 2015-16.[4]

Total Australian gambling revenue in 2008-09 was just over $19 billion and the share of household consumption was 3.1%[3]

New South Wales[edit]

New South Wales has a long history of gambling; Australia's first official horse racing meeting occurred in 1810 at Hyde Park in Sydney; the first official Australian lottery occurred in 1881 at the Sydney Cup; and registered clubs operated the first legal poker machines in Australia from 1956.[5]

Approximately 95,800 of 'pokies' are in NSW, a state total beaten only by Nevada, which operated 181,109 gambling machines in 2014.[6]

Between 1 December 2017 to 31 May 2018 NSW Clubs made a net profit of $1,945,161,625 and hotels made a net profit of $1,169,040,731 from pokies alone.[7]

Fairfield[edit]

Casino Duty Agreement South Australia 2017

Fairfield had the highest poker machine revenue in the state for 2013, generating $298 million in clubs and $93 million in pubs, from the start of the year to August.[8] This figure is $123 million greater than the combined total of profits generated from poker machines in the City of Sydney.[8]

Hunter Region[edit]

From January to March 2013 poker machines in the Hunter region had a turn over of $4.5 billion, showing an increase of $500 million since 2010.[9] Daily figures show a spend of $12.5 million, working out to be $8682 per minute.[9] The Office of Liquor Gaming and Racing found that Newcastle was the Hunter Regions most profitable location with the 3206 poker machines averaging $44,963 each.[9]The top five most profitable clubs for gaming revenue in the Hunter region in 2010 were:[10]

Casino

Casino Duty Agreement South Australia State

  • 1. Western Suburbs Leagues Club (Wests), New Lambton
  • 2. Wests (formerly Club Phoenix), Mayfield
  • 3. Wallsend RSL & Community Club, Wallsend
  • 4. Belmont 16 Foot Sailing Club, Belmont
  • 5. Cardiff Panthers, Cardiff

The top five most profitable hotels for gaming revenue in the Hunter region in 2010 were.[10]

  • 1. The George Tavern, East Maitland
  • 2. Bay Hotel Motel, Bonnells Bay
  • 3. Hotel Jesmond, Jesmond
  • 4. The Lake Macquarie Tavern, Mount Hutton
  • 5. Warners Bay Hotel, Warners Bay

Central Coast Region[edit]

According to the latest figures from Liquor and Gaming NSW there are 4,046 poker machines in 39 clubs on the Central Coast, and 626 poker machines in 29 hotels; making a total of 4,672 poker machines on the Central Coast. That means 2.37% of the total number of poker machines in Australia are on the NSW Central Coast.[11]

Gosford has approximately 1928 pokies, spread across 37 venues. That is the equivalent of one poker machine for every 71 adults. In 2010-11, venues in Gosford made approximately $95,865,000 in profit from pokies. That equates to $700 for each adult member of Gosford's population.[12]

Wyong has approximately 2608 pokies, spread across 35 venues. That is the equivalent of one poker machine for every 47 adults. In 2010-11, venues in Wyong made approximately $123,159,000 in profit from pokies. That equates to $1,000 for each adult member of Wyong's population.[12]

The Central Coast has a higher prevalence of problem gambling than the NSW average. Young men between the ages of 18-24 living on the Central Coast are the biggest players of poker machines in NSW and are the highest risk group for problem gambling.[13]

In 2008 Central Coast Gambling Help carried out a survey of 200 young people aged from 13-24 and found:

Casino Duty Agreement South Australia Online

  • 96% of people from 18-24 had gambled for money or possessions
  • 62% of those under 14 years old and 77% of those aged up to 17 had gambled for money or items, including mobile phones and MP3 players
  • 25.5% of 14- to 17-year-olds and 55% of 18- to 24-year-olds had lost more than they had intended
  • and 6% under 18 had played a poker machine[14]

Regulatory authorities[edit]

Since the introduction of new gambling services, including online gambling, the Commonwealth has taken a more active role in the regulation of gambling, but the Australian gambling industry is also regulated by State and Territory authorities:[15]

  • Australian Capital Territory - ACT Gambling and Racing Commission
  • New South Wales - New South Wales Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing
  • Northern Territory - Licensing Commission
  • Queensland - Office of Liquor and Gaming Regulation
  • South Australia - Independent Gambling Authority
  • Tasmania - Tasmanian Gaming Commission
  • Victoria - Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation
  • Western Australia - Department of Racing, Gaming and Liquor

Key Legislation[edit]

Traditionally gambling has been legislated at a state and territory level rather than by the Commonwealth:[16]

  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Betting (ACTTAB Limited) Act 1964
    • Casino Control Act 2006
    • Gaming Machine Act 2004
    • Interactive Gambling Act 1998
    • Lotteries Act 1964
    • Pool Betting Act 1964
    • Race and Sports Bookmaking Act 2001
    • Racing Act 1999
    • Unlawful Gambling
  • New South Wales
    • Betting Tax Act 2001
    • Casino Control Act 1992
    • Charitable Fundraising Act 1991
    • Gambling (Two-Up) Act 1998
    • Gaming and Liquor Administration Act 2007
    • Gaming Machines Act 2001
    • Gaming Machines Tax Act 2001
    • Liquor Act 2007
    • Lotteries and Art Unions Act 1901
    • Public Lotteries Act 1996
    • Racing Administration Act 1998
    • Registered Clubs Act 1976
    • Totalizator Act 1997
    • Unlawful Gambling Act 1998.
  • Northern Territory
    • Gaming Control Act 2005;
    • Gaming Machine Act 2005;
    • Northern Territory Licensing Commission Act 2001;
    • Racing and Betting Act 2004;
    • Soccer Football Pools Act 2004;
    • Totalisator Licensing and Regulation Act 2004; and
    • Unlawful Betting Act 2004.
  • Queensland
    • Brisbane Casino Agreement Act 1992
    • Breakwater Island Casino Agreement Act 1984
    • Cairns Casino Agreement Act 1993
    • Casino Control Act 1982
    • Charitable and Non-Profit Gaming Act 1999
    • Gaming Machine Act 1991
    • Interactive Gambling (Player Protection) Act 1998
    • Jupiters Casino Agreement Act 1983
    • Keno Act 1996
    • Lotteries Act 1997
    • Wagering Act 1998.
  • South Australia
    • Authorised Betting Operations Act 2000
    • Casino Act 1997
    • Gaming Machines Act 1992
    • Lottery and Gaming Act 1936
    • State Lotteries Act 1966
  • Tasmania
    • Gaming Control Act 1993
    • TT-Line Gaming Act 1993
  • Victoria
    • Casino control Act
    • Casino (Management Agreement) Act 1993
    • Gambling Regulation Act 2003.
  • Western Australia
    • Betting Control Act 1954
    • Bookmakers Betting Levy Act 1954
    • Casino (Burswood Island) Agreement Act 1985
    • Casino Control Act 1984
    • Gaming and Betting (Contracts and Securities) Act 1985
    • Gaming and Wagering Commission Act 1987
    • Gaming and Wagering Commission (Continuing Lotteries Levy) Act 2000
    • Racing and Wagering Western Australia Act 2003
    • Racing and Wagering Western Australia Tax Act 2003
    • Racing Restriction Act 2003
    • Racing Bets Levy Act 2009

Online gambling[edit]

The Interactive Gambling Act (2001) was passed by the Australian Commonwealth Parliament on 28 June 2001.[17] It received assent on 11 July 2001[18]

The Act is targeted at online gambling operators, making it an offense for them to offer ‘real-money’ online interactive gambling to residents of Australia. It also makes it illegal for online gambling operators to advertise ‘real-money’ interactive gambling services (such as online poker and casino) to Australian citizens.[17]That being said, the amount spent on online gaming by Australians reached some $800 million by 2010, according to the official 2010 Productivity Report of the Australian Government.[2]

Accessing and using the interactive gambling services is not an offence. It is also allowed to companies based in Australia to offer their gambling services to gamblers located outside Australia with the exception of those countries that were called 'designated countries'.[19]

Taxation laws on gambling in Australia[edit]

Gamblers' winnings in Australia are not taxed[citation needed]. There are 3 main reasons for that:

  • Gambling is not considered a profession, it's treated as a hobby or recreational activity.
  • The Australian government views gains from gambling activities not as income, but as a result of good luck. Even if someone wins big, they also lose a lot in other gambling sessions.
  • The government taxes gambling operators instead.[20]

Taxation of gambling operators in Australia differs from state to state and different gambling services are taxed in a different way. There are taxes on the turnover, on player loss and net profit. As gambling operators need to obtain a license to offer their services, certain fees must also be paid at this stage of gambling business development.[21]

The use of different tax rates and tax bases makes it difficult to compare taxes across states. For example, the ACT's keno tax rate of 2.53% of turnover is equivalent to a tax rate on gross profits of 10.12%.[22]

Tax rates (2015–16)[23]

EGMs in hotelsEGMs in clubsEGMs in casinosKenoTable games in casinos (and keno in casinos in some instances)
NSW0-50% of quarterly player loss, depending on quarterly player loss0-28.05% of quarterly player loss, depending on quarterly player loss (the rate peaks at 28.05% for $250,000-$450,000, then falls to 18.05% before rising to a maximum of 26.55% above $5 million)16.41-38.91% of gross revenue, depending on gross revenue, plus 2% Responsible Gambling Levy on gross gaming revenue8.91%-14.91% of player loss, depending on player loss16.41-38.91% of gross revenue, depending on gross revenue
Victoria8.33-62.53% of monthly average player loss (per machine), depending on by monthly average player loss, times by the average number of machines0-54.20% of monthly average player loss (per machine), depending on monthly average player loss, times by the average number of machines31.57-51.57% of gross gaming revenue, depending on gross revenue, plus a 1% Community Benefit Levy24.24% of player loss21.25-41.25% of gross revenue, depending on gross revenue, plus 1% Community Benefit Levy
Queensland35% of monthly taxable metered win (amount bet minus payout), plus Health Services Levy of 0-20% of monthly taxable metered win, depending on monthly metered win0-35.00% of monthly taxable metered win, depending on monthly metered win30% of monthly gross revenue (Gold Coast and Brisbane casinos), 20% of gross revenue (Townsville and Cairns casinos)29.40% of monthly gross revenue, excluding casino commissions (Jupiters Casino), 20% of monthly gross revenue (Gold Coast and Brisbane casinos), 10% of gross revenue (Townsville and Cairns casinos)20% of monthly gross revenue (Gold Coast and Brisbane casinos), 10% of gross revenue (Townsville and Cairns casinos)
Western AustraliaN/AN/A12.42% flat rate on gross gaming revenue, plus 2% Burswood Park Levy on gross revenue9.37% of player loss (domestic), 1.75% of player loss (international business)9.37% (domestic), 12.92% (fully automated table games)
South Australia0-65% of annual net gambling revenue, depending on annual net gambling revenueUp to 41% of net gambling revenue41% of net gambling revenue3.41% of net gambling revenue (table games), 10.91% of net gambling revenue (fully automated table games)
Tasmania25.88% of gross profit, plus 4% Community Support Levy25.88% on gross profit5.88% of gross profit0.88% of annual gross profit
Northern Territory12.91-42.91% of monthly gross profits11% of gross profit (Lasseters Casino), 15% of gross profit (Skycity Darwin Casino), plus a 10% Community Benefit Levy10% of gross profit, reduced by the GST amountThe GST rate only
Australian Capital Territory25.9% of gross monthly revenue, plus 0.6% Problem Gambling Assistance Fund Levy10.9% of gross revenue2.53% of turnover
Major forms of gambling taxation by gambling type [21]
Forms of taxationGambling Activity
Turnover taxBookmakers (racing)
Bookmakers (sports betting)
Totalisator wagering on racing
Lottery subscriptions
Draw card machines
Keno
Tax on player lossTotalisator wagering on racing
Sports betting
Poker machines in hotels, clubs, casinos
Casinos
TAB sports betting
Keno
Net profits taxPoker machines
Off-course totalisator investment
Licence FeesCasinos
Poker machines
Lotteries
Racing
Bookmakers
Sports betting
Minor gambling (bingo, raffles)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Bryant, Nick 'Australia in thrall of gambling mania', BBC, 30 January 2007
  2. ^ abAustralian Gambling Habits
  3. ^ abProductivity, Commission. 'Productivity Commission Inquiry Report'. pc.gov.au/. Australian Government. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  4. ^Fourth social and economic impact study of gambling in Tasmania (2017), Volume 1: Industry trends and impacts(PDF). ACIL Allen Consulting. pp. 57–60. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  5. ^Australian Institute of Gambling Research. 'Australian Gambling Comparative History and Analysis'(PDF). www.vcgr.vic.gov.au. Victorian Casino and Gaming Authority. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  6. ^Ziolkowski, S. 'The World Count of Gaming Machines 2013'(PDF). www.gamingta.com. The Gaming Technologies Association. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  7. ^McNally, Caroline. 'Gambling in Australia'. problemgambling.net.au. Central Coast Gambling Help.
  8. ^ abNeedham, Kristy. 'Punters in west pile money in pokies', 'The Sydney Morning Herald', Australia, 23 March 2014. Retrieved on 10 September 2014.
  9. ^ abcPage, Donna. 'Hunter punters blow $8682 a minute on pokies', 'Newcastle Herald', Australia, 4 October 2013. Retrieved on 9 September 2014.
  10. ^ abPage, Donna.'How the Hunter gambled $4bn', 'Newcastle Herald', Australia, 26 July 2010. Retrieved on 9 September 2014.
  11. ^Office of Liquor and gambin NSW 2018 https://www.liquorandgaming.nsw.gov.au/resources/gaming-machine-data
  12. ^ abMarkham, Francis. 'Who wins big from gambling in Australia'. theconversation.com. The Conversation. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  13. ^ACNielsen. 'Prevalence of Gambling and Problem Gambling in NSW – A Community Survey 2006'. www.olgr.nsw.gov.au. NSW Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  14. ^McNally, Caroline. 'Gambling in Australia'. problemgambling.net.au. Central Coast Gambling Help. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  15. ^Parliament Library: Gambling Policy and Regulation
  16. ^Australian Gambling Statistics, 1986-87 and 2011-12, 29th Edition, 2004, p. 7.
  17. ^ abInteractive Gambling Act Receives Assent
  18. ^Interactive Gambling Act 2001: Compilation
  19. ^Review of the Interactive Gaming Act 2001
  20. ^Australia’s future tax system - Report to the Treasurer 2009[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ ab'Australian Gaming Council: Gamblng Taxes'(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
  22. ^Joint Select Committee on Future Gaming Markets: Final Report. Parliament of Tasmania. p. 146. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  23. ^Joint Select Committee on Future Gaming Markets: Final Report. Parliament of Tasmania. pp. Tables 6–10. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gambling_in_Australia&oldid=932177301'
Casino
New South Wales
Coordinates28°52′0″S153°03′0″E / 28.86667°S 153.05000°ECoordinates: 28°52′0″S153°03′0″E / 28.86667°S 153.05000°E
Population9,982 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2470
Elevation26 m (85 ft)[2]
Location
  • 716 km (445 mi) from Sydney
  • 189 km (117 mi) from Brisbane
  • 30 km (19 mi) from Lismore
LGA(s)Richmond Valley Council
State electorate(s)Clarence
Federal Division(s)Page
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
26.8 °C
80 °F
13.1 °C
56 °F
1,097.5 mm
43.2 in
Barker St., Casino

Casino is a town in the Northern Rivers area of New South Wales, Australia, with a population of 10,914 people at the 2016 census.[1] It lies on the banks of the Richmond River and is situated at the junction of the Bruxner Highway and the Summerland Way.

It is located 726 km (451 mi) north of Sydney and 228 km (142 mi) south of Brisbane.

Overview[edit]

Casino is the seat of the Richmond Valley Council, a local government area.

British occupation of the area began in 1840 when pastoral squatters George Robert Stapleton and his business partner, Mr. Clay, set up a sheep station which they called Cassino after Cassino (near Monte Cassino) in Italy.[3][4][5] The town now has a sister city agreement with the Italian village.[6][7]

Casino is among Australia's largest beef centres. It is the regional hub of a very large cattle industry and positions itself as the 'Beef Capital' of Australia,[8][9] although the city of Rockhampton also claims this title. In addition it is the service centre for a rich agricultural area.

Each year the town celebrates Beef Week. It was not held in 2007 but since that year, has continued to be held and celebrated with the 2019 one being held from 18 to 28 May.[10]

Population[edit]

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 10,914 people in Casino.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 10.5% of the population.
  • 86.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 1.2%.
  • 90.9% of people spoke only English at home.
  • The most common responses for religion were Catholic 25.2%, Anglican 22.8% and No Religion 22.0%.[1]

Transport[edit]

Casino railway station is situated on the main North Coast railway line between Sydney and Brisbane, north of Grafton. A branch line ran via Lismore to Murwillumbah; that line has since been closed, although lobbying is taking place to re-open it.[11][12] Casino railway station is the terminus of the daily Casino XPT from Sydney and there is a daily service to and from Brisbane via the Brisbane XPT.

In the 1920s, a never completed railway branch line to Bonalbo was started. A line was also proposed from Casino via Tabulam[13] and even a line all the way to Tenterfield,[14]

Casino is serviced by Lismore Airport with several daily flights to Sydney.

Northern Rivers Buslines operates rural services to Lismore (670) and Kyogle (675) each weekday, with one return service to Tenterfield available on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

Casino Bus Service operates local town loops, including a loop service to Gays Hill.

Among its many schools are the main ones: Casino High School, Casino Public School, Casino West Public School, St. Mary's Primary School, St. Mary's Catholic College School and Casino Christian Community School.

Heritage listings[edit]

Casino has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

  • 102 Barker Street: Casino Post Office[15]
  • Casino-Murwillumbah railway: Old Casino railway station[16]
  • North Coast railway: Casino railway station[17]

Location for filming[edit]

The 2014 drama series The Gods of Wheat Street was set and partly filmed in Casino.

Notable people[edit]

  • Henry Wallace Browning O.A.M. (born 1928), lawn bowler, IBD World Champion 2007
  • Ian Callinan (born 1937), High Court judge
  • Pat Darling (1913–2007), nurse and author
  • John Elford (born 1946), rugby league player
  • Jeff Fatt (born 1953), musician and actor, one of The Wiggles
  • Thomas George (born 1949), politician
  • Clark Irving (born 1808), early settler (pastoralist) and politician[18]
  • Ben Kennedy (born 1974), rugby league player
  • Matt King (born 1980), rugby league player
  • John Sinclair Lumsdaine (1895–1948), songwriter, vaudeville artist and entertainer[19]
  • Tess Mallos (1933–2012), food journalist and author
  • James Morgan (1901–1968), Aboriginal singer and activist[20]
  • Chris Munce (born 1969), horse racing jockey
  • Kevin Ross Murray (1930–1991), barrister and citizen soldier[21]
  • Félix Schürr [fr] (1827–1900), Catholic missionary[22]
  • Brian Smith (born 1954), rugby league player and coach (attended Casino High School)[citation needed]
  • Tony Smith (born 1967), rugby leaguecoach, brother of Brian Smith, grew up in Casino attending Casino High School[citation needed]
  • Albert Torrens (born 1976), rugby league player
  • Clive Andrew Williams (1915–1980), Aboriginal leader[23]
  • Damien Wright (born 1975), cricket player

See also[edit]

  • Arthur Percy Sullivan (1896–1937), Victoria Cross recipient, worked at a bank in Casino during the 1930s.
  • The song 'I've Been Everywhere' references Casino in its second verse.

Casino Duty Agreement South Australia Map

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcAustralian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). 'Casino (Urban Centre/Locality)'. 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 19 October 2018. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. ^'Casino'. Climate Averages for Australian Sites. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 24 November 2006.
  3. ^'Early Bay History'. The Richmond River Herald And Northern Districts Advertiser. New South Wales, Australia. 19 November 1937. p. 7. Retrieved 12 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^'Casino'. Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales.
  5. ^'Place Names'. The Australian Women's Weekly. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011 – via National Library of Australia.
  6. ^'Minutes Ordinary Meeting'(PDF). Richmond Valley Council. 16 July 2002. p. 32. Archived from the original(PDF) on 22 July 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2008.
  7. ^'Minutes Ordinary Meeting'(PDF). Richmond Valley Council. 18 March 2003. p. 42. Archived from the original(PDF) on 22 July 2005. Retrieved 7 August 2008.
  8. ^George, Thomas (30 May 2000). 'Northern Star Casino Beef Week 2000'. Hansard. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 10 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2008. I speak about Casino, the true beef capital of Australia
  9. ^'Casino Tourism'. Casino Tourist Information Centre. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
  10. ^Beef Week Beef Week
  11. ^'No plans to reopen line'. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
  12. ^'State Nationals member lobbies to reopen line'. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
  13. ^'COUNTRY NEWS'. Daily Mail (5393). Brisbane. 2 January 1920. p. 2. Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^'Casino-Tenterfield Railway'. The Richmond River Express and Casino Kyogle Advertiser. New South Wales. 17 December 1920. p. 4. Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^'Casino Post Office'. New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01405. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  16. ^'Old Casino Railway Station'. New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01216. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  17. ^'Casino Railway Station and yard group'. New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01111. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  18. ^L Daley. 'Irving, Clark (1808–1865)'. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  19. ^Groot, Murray. 'Lumsdaine, John Sinclair (Jack) (1895–1948)'. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  20. ^Wild, Stephen. 'Morgan, James (Jim) (1901–1968)'. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  21. ^Selth, P. A. 'Murray, Kevin Ross (1930–1991)'. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  22. ^'Felix Schurr'. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  23. ^'Williams, Clive Andrew (1915–1980)'. Australian Dictionary of Biography. 2002. Retrieved 30 March 2015.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Casino, New South Wales.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Casino.
Casino Duty Agreement South Australia
Preceding stationFollowing station
towards Brisbane
NSW TrainLink North Coast
towards Sydney
TerminusNSW TrainLink North Coast
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